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Ernest Hemingway
Born: July 21, 1899 - Oak Park, Illinois
Died: July 2, 1961 - Ketchum, Idaho

On graduation from high school in 1917, Hemingway became a reporter for the Kansas City Star. During World War I he served as an ambulance driver for the American Red Cross; wounded on the Austro-Italian front,
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Ernest Hemingway, The Sun Also Rises
C-SPAN's Video Library: Ernest Hemingway
he was decorated for heroism.

After recuperating in the United States, he sailed for France as a foreign correspondent for the Toronto Star. In Paris he became part of the coterie of expatriate Americans that included Gertrude Stein, Ezra Pound, and F. Scott Fitzgerald. In 1925 his first important book, the superb story collection In Our Time, was published. The following year he published The Sun Also Rises, the novel with which he scored his first solid success.

Based in Paris, he traveled widely for the skiing, bullfighting, fishing, and hunting that by then was forming the background for much of his writing. His position as a master of short fiction was advanced by Men Without Women (1927), with the story "Hills Like White Elephants," and was confirmed by Winner Take Nothing (1933), which included "A Clean, Well-Lighted Place." The concentrated prose style of these early works would influence British and American writers for decades. Among the reading public, the novel A Farewell To Arms (1929), with its powerful fusion of love story with war story, overshadowed both collections.

Hemingway's love of Spain and his passion for bullfighting are evident in Death in the Afternoon (1932), a study of a spectacle he saw more as tragic ceremony than as sport. An African safari provided the subject for Green Hills of Africa (1935). To Have And Have Not (1937) reflected his growing concern with social issues and the worsening international situation.

As a correspondent he made four trips to Spain, then in the throes of civil war. He raised money for the Loyalists and wrote the play The Fifth Column, set in besieged Madrid, that was published with some of his best stories, including "The Short Happy Life Of Francis Macomber" and "The Snows Of Kilimanjaro," in The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories (1938). The harvest of his considerable experience of Spain was the novel For Whom The Bell Tolls (1940), the best-selling of all his books.

Works by Ernest Hemingway
In Our Time (1925)
The Sun Also Rise (1926)
Men Without Women (1927)
A Farewell To Arms (1929)
Death in the Afternoon (1932)
Winner Take Nothing (1933)
Green Hills of Africa (1935)
To Have And Have Not (1937)
The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories (1938)
For Whom The Bell Tolls (1940)
Across the River and into the Trees (1950)
The Old Man And The Sea (1952, Pulitzer Prize)
Paris: A Moveable Feast (1964)
Islands in the Stream (1970)
After seeing action in World War II, he returned to his home (since about 1940) in Cuba. He received the Pulitzer Prize for the short novel The Old Man And The Sea (1952), a book as enthusiastically praised as his previous novel, Across the River and into the Trees (1950), had been damned. In 1954 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.

By 1960 Fidel Castro's revolution had led Hemingway to leave Cuba and settle in Idaho. There, anxiety-ridden, depressed, and ill with cancer, he shot himself, leaving behind many manuscripts. Two of his posthumously published books are the admired memoir of his apprentice days in Paris: A Moveable Feast (1964), and Islands in the Stream (1970), consisting of three closely related novellas.

Web sites about Ernest Hemingway
The Hemingway Society
Ernest Hemingway
Joshua A. Silverstein's The A Room: Timeless Hemingway

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