n The Conservative Mind, published in 1953, Russell Kirk provides a history of conservative thought in politics, religion, philosophy and literature from 1790-1952 by profiling conservative thinkers in
the histories of Great Britain and America including Edmund Burke, Karl Marx and John Quincy Adams. This is his reaction against collectivism in all areas of society ranging from politics to religion in a time when liberalism was at the forefront of American political thought. By showing how conservatives have influenced history, he hopes to provide a basis for a new conservatism.
illiam F. Buckley published God and Man at Yale in 1952 as a young graduate of the Yale class of 1950. God and Man at Yale accuses it of hypocrisy in its movement away from the ideological
foundation upon which the institution was built. In his opinion, Yale was founded upon the belief in God. Therefore virtue and individualism should have been cornerstones of a Yale education. But Buckley found that in his time at Yale the university was embracing "statism and atheism," the alternative to which was a return to political conservatism, according to Buckley.